There are five basic skin types, each one with its own strengths and weaknesses: normal, oily, dry, combination and sensitive. When you know what type of skin you have, you can take steps to treat and prevent your skin from becoming more problematic or irritated. If you don’t know what type of skin you have, keep reading to find out more about each skin type to better understand your complexion and improve it over time.
People with dry skin tend to be more sensitive than those with oily or combination skin. They also have a lower sebum (oil) output, which means their pores are less likely to clog and make acne worse. Dry skin is especially prone to peeling, cracking, and itching, while extreme dryness can make it difficult for skin cells to shed naturally—sometimes leading to eczema or psoriasis flare-ups. So how do you know if you have dry skin? According to dermatologist Dr.
Most people’s skin falls into a normal category. Normal skin types are generally clear and blemish-free, but they can still be prone to sunburn, rashes and other common problems. If you don’t feel like your skin fits one of these categories, but it also doesn’t look like an oily mess or dry up like a desert—it’s probably normal. To keep things under control, make sure you get enough sleep every night (getting less than six hours a night increases your risk for breakouts) and drink plenty of water throughout the day.
If you have oily skin, you’ll want to look for moisturizers that are lightweight, non-greasy and oil-free. The best oils for oily skin are jojoba, which has a light texture and penetrates deep into pores; or tea tree oil, which soothes skin and is anti-microbial. In addition, use makeup that is matte or non-shiny (it will be absorbed more quickly) and avoid skincare products with heavy fragrances or floral ingredients that can trigger more oil production.
One common skin type is combination skin, which is normal-to-oily skin on your forehead and dry or oily skin on your cheeks. Some people experience combination dryness and oiliness as different issues in various parts of their face. For example, you might notice that you have shiny T-zone (the forehead, nose, and chin area) but your cheeks are dry. Or perhaps you have chronically oily eyelids with chronically dry cheeks.
If you break out frequently, it might be because your skin is acne-prone. With acne-prone skin, you have an overproduction of oil and an abundance of dead skin cells, both of which can lead to blackheads and pimples. Fortunately, you can reduce your breakouts with a few simple steps: wash your face twice daily (once in the morning and once at night) with a gentle cleanser; use a toner after cleansing; don’t forget sunscreen when exposed to UV rays—sun exposure causes excess oil production which can contribute to blemishes. If these steps aren’t enough, try an over-the-counter topical treatment containing benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid.
People with sensitive skin are most likely to experience negative reactions when their skin is exposed to a new product. It’s important for those with sensitive skin types not only to wear sunscreen, but also check its ingredients before using it. If you do have sensitive skin, make sure you talk with your dermatologist about how best to handle your sensitive skin care needs. Knowing your own type of sensitive skin will help you better manage products and procedures in order to minimize irritation and inflammation that can lead to more serious problems such as acne or eczema.